THE PHYSICS OF THE DAY OF JUDGMENT
                                                                          
There are many questions that arise in our minds. What happens to us on dying? What is soul? Does it leave the body to enter the spiritual world,
which is beyond human perception in some other dimension? Are the souls reincarnated entering some other body to be recycled again as in the
beliefs of some eastern religions? Is the soul captured and kept somewhere until the Day of Judgment to be reunited with the body that rises from the
grave? How can a body that had decayed and disappeared into dust regain its original shape and form?
The belief that mankind will rise from the grave, an integral part of the three Abrahamic faiths Islam, Christianity, and Judaism, is not just a myth or
wishful thinking but is based on real scientific principles.  Rising up from the grave and coming back alive can happen simply with the reversal of time.
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We can believe what we wish; however the modern world is based on truthful pursuit of science. Truth cannot be decided on wishful thinking or
majority vote; if that was the case then Columbus would have surely fallen of the earth in 1492 (majority of people at that time believed earth was flat)

We live in a world that demands proof and is not just content with belief. The belief or even the proof however is only for the believer, as belief comes
from within our hearts. The greatest of proofs will not satisfy the non-believer, while the slightest evidence can be a great source of comfort for the
believer. In this context let us look at the story of Prophet Ibrahim (peace be on him) given in the Quran. (Chapter ii verse 260.) Prophet Ibrahim
wanted to know how God gives life to the dead. He had the faith of a man who was willing to sacrifice his own son for the sake of God, yet he wanted
reassurance; which then was given to him in the form of a great miracle. Ordinary people like us are also in need of reassurance in a world where
science and technology have assumed greater importance than religion.

There is only one version of the Quran. It is the only religious book that even the critics of Islam admit was never altered since its revelation to Prophet
Mohammed (Peace be upon him) fourteen hundred years ago. Scientific advancements have provided better understanding of many verses of the
Quran that had appeared obscure in the past. The Quran accurately describes a variety of scientific facts that were discovered in the last one hundred
years. For the Muslims this is one of the many reasons that the Quran is truly a revealed book.

With advancement in science and technology we tend to see the world from the critical eye of science. We see people dying but no one has returned
from the dead to tell us about afterlife. Is it possible to really know that there is life after death other than religious belief? There is a surprising answer
which we can have as science has advanced to the point that it is possible to look at the very basis of reality as we know it, the fabric of space and
time.

Many verses in the Quran describe the future of the universe and The Day of Judgment. The event being depicted is not some local or earthly event
caused by atomic war or natural disaster. The verses appear to describe some great final catastrophe that will affect the whole universe. There is
mention of the final earthquake, the darkening of the stars and the sun, the opening of gates in the sky and "a time" in which mankind will see what
they had done before so that they will become witnesses against their own selves. Quran appears to be describing reversal of time and gravity.
The contraction of the universe with reversal of time and gravity will commence the period of time that we call “The Day Of Judgment” which may
last for thousands and possibly millions of years. The initial sudden reversal of gravity will result in a massive earthquake which will transform the
earth. Time will reverse and run backwards; people will come back alive at the point in time in which they had died. A beautiful natural mechanism
similar to black holes that the physicists describe will create openings or gates in the sky through which we will be taken across many dimensions to
beyond this universe. Everyone will be removed to escape the regressive effect of reversal of time and no one will be left behind.  
IS RESURRECTION A PHYSICAL PROCESS?
Above the resurrection of the dead is compared to physical processes which are based on laws of nature like the growth of plants after rain; this
suggests that revival after death is also based on some physical laws. We know that the energy from the sun heats up the oceans and water vapor
rises to produce the clouds. Temperature differences cause the winds to blow across the continents carrying clouds to distant lands. Dormant seeds
sprout into new plants with life giving rainfall even in the harshest of places.

Sometimes in the future as our knowledge of the universe increases, the reality of "The Day of Judgment" may become widely accepted as the truth.
Verses in the Quran suggest that the knowledge of the Day of Judgment is within the grasp of human understanding and mankind will become aware
of this knowledge.
THE TRULY TREMENDOUS UNIVERSE
The extent and majesty of the truly vast universe gives us a glimpse into the tremendous power of Allah (SWT). The circumference of our planet earth
is about forty thousand kilometers, which is a distance that light, can travel seven times in one second. As the distances become larger the numbers
however become mind boggling. The universe is so vast that the distances between stars and galaxies have to be measured in "light years," which is
the distance traveled by light in a year at the speed of three hundred thousand kilometers per second.

Our solar system consists of the earth and eight other planets that are orbiting around a star that we call the sun. The distance between earth and sun
is eight minutes at the speed of light. The distance to the furthest planet Pluto is five hours and twenty eight minutes at the speed of light, compared to
this, the nearest star from the earth other than our sun, is four light years away.
Our galaxy of Milky Way includes the sun, its orbiting planets, and two hundred billion other stars. At the edge of Milky Way galaxy our sun is just a
tiny speck among billions of other stars. The Milky Way, like most other galaxies is so large that traveling at the speed of light; it would take one
hundred and fifty thousand years to go from one side of it to the other. The galaxies are separated from each other by few hundred thousand to
millions of light years. There are over 500 hundred billion galaxies in the truly gigantic universe.
THE BEGINNING OF THE UNIVERSE: THE BIG BANG
The universe came into existence billions of years ago. This event is called the "The big bang. It is clearly mentioned in the Quran 1400 years ago
that the discovery of "The Big Bang" and that of "The aquatic origin of life" will be made by the non-Muslims, ("those who disbelieve"). In the
beginning all the matter and space (heavens) was at one point (one piece).  Then everything was separated in what the physicists describe as "The
big bang." The evidence that the universe began in the "The big bang" is so overwhelming that it is now considered a fact and not just a theory.


                                                              
THE RECEDING GALAXIES: THE EXPANSION OF THE UNIVERSE

The galaxies other than our "milky way" are moving away from us at tremendous speeds. This is ascertained by analyzing the light given off by the
galaxies by an instrument called the spectroscope. The more distant a galaxy is the greater is its speed of recession. This motion of the galaxies is
due to the expansion of the universe. The universe began about thirteen billion years ago with a tremendous explosion called "The big bang" and
has been expanding ever since. The universe is not just a sphere of galaxies rushing away from each other into unending emptiness of space. It can
be compared to a balloon with many dots on it, each representing a galaxy. However, the surface of this balloon, which is two dimensional,
represents all three dimensions of our space, and is expanding into a higher dimension, that is beyond our imagination. The expansion of the
universe is clearly mentioned in the following verses of the Quran:
                                                                                          THE ACCELERATING EXPANSION

The article “THE PHYSICS OF THE DAY OF JUDGMENT" is based on the concept that the expansion of the universe (space) is the cause of the
“phenomenon of time.” If this is true then as the expansion of the universe slows it will paradoxically appear to be expanding faster as we try to
measure the expansion rate of the distant space with our local earthly time which is slowing down. This anomaly of faster expansion was discovered
by two groups of astronomers in 1998. Another group of scientists from the University of the Basque in Bilbao, and Spain’s University of Salamanca
believe that slowing of our time is causing us to mistakenly interpret these measurements as accelerated expansion of the universe.

It should be noted that we cannot measure or notice slowing of our time locally as our clock also slow at the same rate as time; however if our time is
slowing and we look into the distant space where light is coming to us from billions of years ago when time was faster we will see evidence of that in
the way space appears to expand.  This is what astronomers are observing when they talk of accelerating expansion of space. A faster expansion in
distant past means our time is slowing down.

The slowing of expansion will eventually cause time to stop and then time will reverse when the universe starts contracting. The Quran clearly
supports this scenario in the following verses in which contraction of the universe is compared to the rolling up of a scroll and also suggests that the
process of creation will be repeated.
REVERSAL OF GRAVITY AND TRANSFORMATION OF EARTH
Time and gravity are closely linked. Unlike electricity and magnetism gravity is only an attractive force. There is no repulsive gravity in the expanding
universe in which we live now. Some physicists feel that in the contracting universe time can reverse if gravity also reverses. Quran appears to be
describing both the reversal of time and gravity. The reversal of gravity will cause it to become a repulsive force; this will cause the earth to literally
explode. The mountains will fall apart and red-hot lava will be thrown out lighting up the sky like molten copper.
EARTH: "EMPTY" FROM INSIDE WITH THE SKY IN ITS CENTER
The reversal of gravity will cause the earth to throw out all the mass inside it to become completely empty. This will transform earth into a massive
hollow structure with sky trans-located to its center. This is tremendous event is described in the following verses of the Quran.
This change in the earth and the sky is again mentioned in the following verses. All these extraordinary happenings and are a reflection of the
extraordinary event of the “The Day of Judgment.”
THE SMOOTH OUTER SURFACE OF THE EARTH
Inside the hollow earth everything will be the exact replica of what it was before as the time passes backward. The liquid lava which was inside the
earth before will however be outside its hollow structure having been thrown out when the gravity reversed. There it will form a smooth lava plain
without any mountains, hills, valleys or any kind of unevenness.
THE REVERSAL OF TIME AND RISING FROM THE GRAVES
Time is one of the most elusive mysteries of the universe. Time passes slowly within moving objects; slowing progressively at speeds close to that of
light and stops altogether at the speed of light. Time also slows near massive objects like earth, sun, neutron stars where expansion of space is
slower, and almost stops inside the super massive stars “the black holes," where the expansion of space almost ceases linking time to the expansion
of the universe.

Time has a direction, it always moves towards the future. We see rain falling from the sky, objects breaking up, people getting older, and people dying.
We do not see a glass becoming "unbroken" or anyone returning from the dead. That could happen only if time ran backwards. Some physicists like
Michael Berry, Thomas Gold, and Steven Hawking have proposed that time may reverse when the universe begins to contract. Verses in the Quran
suggest that one day the universe will start contracting and this will coincide with beginning of the Day of Judgment and reversal of time. The Quranic
verses also suggest that mankind will rise from the grave with the reversal of time.
In the above verse, "The Day" means The Day of Judgment and the contraction of the universe, is compared to the closing of a scroll. This is when
time and gravity will reverse. Earth would then transform into a hollow sphere with sky towards its center. Mankind will rise from the grave inside this
transformed earth and come back alive. Every event will be replayed again as everything has been recorded in time.
As the history of earth runs backwards through time, nations will return one after another. All the good and evil deeds of the individuals as well as that
of the nations will be completely exposed as time reversal occurs
.
The playing back of time will cause people to anticipate and see what they had done previously.  They will have no control over their hands, feet,
mouths, and eyes. All the wrong and right things that were done before by them will be repeated again.  In this sense, tongues, hands, and feet, will
become witnesses against them in front of the angels and God, and they will not be able to deny any of their wrong doings.
NO FREE WILL IN THE CONTRACTING UNIVERSE
Man is given free will and the criteria of right and wrong to choose between good and evil in the expanding universe, that is, when all his deeds are
recorded in time. In the contracting universe time will be playing back therefore there will be no free will. No one will have power to do harm or good to
others, or change anything that they had done in their previous earthly life.
WILL WE REGRESS TO NOTHINGNESS WITH THE REVERSAL OF TIME?
To an inquiring mind, it may occur that the reversal of time can cause us to rise from the grave and become alive again. If this process remained
unchecked then we will continue to grow younger, pass through our childhood and regress into nothingness in our mother’s wombs. That would surely
be a purposeless exercise. Well not quite so! The thought of the great and final earthquake may instill fear into our hearts, but the real purpose is to
make the higher dimensions accessible for escape from the collapsing universe and the regressive effect of time reversal.

The universe has been designed with great precision; after the resurrection, arrangements have been made, to escape the unrelenting effect of time
reversal, to beyond this universe.  A mechanism similar to the black holes will cause portals or gates to open in the sky; to understand this peculiar
phenomenon we will briefly look at the concept of higher dimensions.
THE HIGHER DIMENSIONS
Mathematically there are an infinite number of dimensions, we however live in a three dimensional space. Every object in our daily lives has a length,
width, and height. The concept that there are more than three dimensions is difficult to imagine.  Higher dimensions do exist as it can be shown that
intense gravity near the sun causes the space to curve in an extra higher dimension. Einstein considered this for the first time and was able to
accurately calculate the orbit of the inner planet Mercury. Einstein's theory of general relativity and most modern particle physics theories are based on
the concept of higher dimensions.

We may gain some insight into the concept of higher dimensions by studying the conceptual problems faced by people in the past. There was a time
when people believed that the earth is flat. They were afraid of the possibility of falling off the earth if they traveled too far. This cannot happen
because the surface of the earth is curved and continuous like that of a sphere. To get off the earth we just need to move in a dimension (direction)
that is perpendicular to the surface; that is straight up, from anywhere we are. We face a similar conceptual problem in understanding the higher
dimensions.  We may imagine that we can leave the universe only by traveling very far, but that is also not true. Even if we traveled billions of miles,
we will remain within the confines of our three dimensional space.

The only way to go beyond the universe is by moving into a higher dimension in a direction that is perpendicular to our three dimensional space, right
from where we are. In the present expanding universe this is not possible, as our space is not continuous with the higher dimensions. For that to
happen, our space will have to literally be torn apart first and then be connected to the higher dimensions. This may happen in the center of the black
holes.
THE BLACK HOLES: “THE BLOCKED GATEWAYS" TO THE HIGHER DIMENSIONS
The opening of gates in the sky is a concept similar to that of black holes. Such openings can be the gateways to beyond the universe through the
higher dimensions. Massive stars, which collapse due to gravity under their own weight, can curve space to form black holes. Gravity in such objects
is so strong that even light cannot escape and they become invisible; hence, the name black holes.  Some physicists believe that space-time may be
ripped apart in the black holes, producing gateways to beyond this universe. The curvature producing mass of the black hole in our present
expanding universe however also blocks the opening, thus preventing anything from escaping to the higher dimensions.
In the contracting universe, the problem of blocked black holes should not exist. The reversal of gravity in the contracting phase will change all large
masses like earth and planets into massive hollow structures with empty skies in their center. In the expanding universe time appears to be linked to
the expansion of space and gravity tends to slow the expansion. In the contracting universe time will be linked to the contraction of space and the
gravity of the earth that is focused toward its center sky will cause the space to contract faster. This will cause faster passage of time leading to further
faster contraction of space; a runaway effect causing fabric of space-time to be torn apart, forming portals or gateways to the higher dimensions. The
weakness of space time in the contracting universe is mentioned in the following verses:
THE DESCRIPTION OF THE ECLIPSE ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT

The following description of eclipse given in the Quranic verses on the Day of Judgment does not fit either the lunar or solar eclipse.
During a lunar eclipse the earth casts a shadow on the moon however the sun and moon are not united as sun is on the opposite side of the earth.
While in a solar eclipse moon blocks the light of the sun by coming in front of it and the sun and the moon appear to merge (united) in the sky but it is
the sun that is eclipsed.  
The above verses appear to accurately depict what will be seen from within the hollow structure of the earth. Mankind will rise from the grave in a
strange, unfamiliar and confusing landscape (when sight is confounded.) The moon will be completely hidden from view being located outside the
earth’s hollow structure (The moon is eclipsed.) The twilight appearance (possibly due to reduced light) will also give an impression of an eclipse. The
gateway to beyond the universe in the center-sky will appear continuously as a single light. This may cause mankind to wonder whether the sun and
the moon have merged (The sun and moon are united).

Similarly the stars will also disappear from the sky as they will not be visible from within the hollow structure of the earth.
                                                                           ANGELS DESCEND THROUGH THE GATES IN THE SKY

As the reversed gravity in the contracting universe opens gates in the center-sky of the hollowed earth, a spectacular site will be seen (a grand
descent) as thousands of angels descend.
                                                                                        THE FINAL JOURNEY TO THE BEYOND

As the time passes backwards and the history repeats in reverse over thousands of years mankind will rise from the grave singly or in groups to face
their deeds. The angels of “The grand descent” may accomplish the task of gathering and removal of humans to “The beyond”; and everyone will be
gathered and no one will be left behind.
In our final journey through the gates that will open in the sky, we may cross many planes or dimensions. The word “ride” is used in the Quran, as if
this journey will be accomplished by riding on "something."
As we leave this universe we may be collected together on some vast plane in another dimension, everyone will come from all times and places in
history to face the judgment of their deeds, heaven and hell.


                                                                                WHEN WILL THE DAY OF JUDGMENT ARRIVE?
      Superficially, it seems that if we knew the rate at which the expansion of the universe is slowing, then we should be able to predict when the Day
of Judgment will begin. However, if time is related to the expansion of space, we cannot observe the slowing of the expansion. This would be like
attempting to measure the speed of a car with a clock that is connected to its wheels, so that the speed of time would depend on the speed of the car.
If the car slowed-down the time will also slowdown and speed of the car would always appear the same. Similarly as the expansion of the universe
slows time and motion will also slowdown and the rate of expansion will appear the same.
Paradoxically the far-reaches of space may even seem to expand faster when measurements are made with our local slowing time, and this anomaly
was discovered by two groups of astronomers in 1998. The nature of time is such that slowing of time cannot be perceived locally. This of course
means that the beginning of the Day of Judgment cannot be predicted and may come at any time. Only God, who is beyond our time, knows of the real
timing of the Day of Judgment.
On The Day of Judgment, the reality of afterlife and the true religion Islam will become clear to everyone. Those who had indulged in evil deeds and
followed false beliefs will wish that they had never existed; but they will have to face the final justice.  May God have mercy on all of us.
The following verses describe the Day of Judgment in a comprehensive manner. The Day of Judgment will start with the final earthquake causing the
earth to literally explode and throw out all its insides to transform into a massive hollow sphere. The hollowed earth will have the sky towards its
center. Time would be running backward and mankind will begin to rise from the graves coming back alive, one after another, "in scattered groups".
The history of nations will be played back with the reversal of time.  Nations as well as people will be totally powerless caught in the backward flow of
time. They will helplessly reenact and witness their own deeds of the past. This process will continue until each one of us is removed to beyond the
dying universe through the gates in the sky by angels of the grand decent.
                                                                                                                SUMMARY

The religious contention that man will rise from the grave is not just a myth or wishful thinking but is based on real scientific principles.  Rising up from
the grave and coming back alive can happen simply with the reversal of time.

The world (but not the universe) can end because of earthquake, tsunami, meteor strike, nuclear war, supernova, and some other natural or manmade
disaster. These are however just local ends that have nothing to do with Day of Judgment. End will not happen on any arbitrary date predicted by
someone.  The end of the universe is an entirely different phenomenon that has been built into the laws of the universe by the creator.

With the tremendous scientific advancements of the twentieth century, we have placed our trust in science and technology to solve all our problems.  
Dazzled by the ability of technology to produce quick results, our faith in God has become weak.  Our actions are for worldly goals, although a stronger
belief in God and fear of accountability in the afterlife could make us better people. We can see the consequences of lacking these in the moral decay
that is afflicting many societies all over the world.

God has sent guidance to human beings according to the conditions existing at that moment in history. When the Pharaohs ruled, magic was a very
popular pastime. Then Moses (Peace be on him) came with miracles from God and defeated the magicians of the Pharaoh's court. The people at the
time of Jesus (Peace be on him) were similarly deep into miracles, and we can see that the life of Jesus is full of miracles.  When Mohammad (Peace
be on him) came, the Arabic language and poetry was at the height of its development. The Quran with its clear message was revealed in the most
eloquent poetry with a style unique and unmatched.
Many verses in the Quran describe the Day of Judgment. We live in a universe that has been expanding since its creation billions of years ago. Both
the birth of the universe with the "Big Bang" and its expansion are described in the Quran. Physicists and astronomers have recently (1998)
discovered that the expansion of the universe appears to be accelerating. This anomalous finding is expected if the expansion of space is linked to
time. The verses of the Quran suggest that the universe will not expand forever and that the Day of Judgment will begin with the contraction of the
universe.

It appears that time and gravity will reverse when the universe begins to contract. Reversal of time will bring about the resurrection from the grave. In
this time and gravity reversed and transformed world we will come across all the good and evil that we did in our lives.
Reversal of gravity will be the cause of the final earthquake mentioned in the Quran. This will change the earth so that it will be turned inside out and
transformed into a giant hollow sphere with the sky towards its center. The reversed gravity focused towards the "earth's center-sky" will have a
runaway effect on space. The space in the center-sky will be literally torn apart to produce openings or gates to the higher dimensions that are beyond
our universe. Through these openings, we will be removed from the collapsing universe.

Everyone will be taken away to escape the unrelenting effect of time reversal that could regress us to nothingness in our mother's wombs. In some
higher dimension or plane mankind will be brought together from all times and places in history, to face the judgment for their deeds and hell or heaven.

From the Quran, it appears that the timing of the Day of Judgment will never be known and it may come at any time. We should be aware that The Day
of Judgment is very near to every one of us as there is no perception of passage of time after death.

As we go through our daily life we should keep in mind that everything big and small that we do is being recorded in time. If we do not take steps to
protect ourselves from evil, in addition to the threat of severe punishment, we stand the chance of great embarrassment on the Day of Judgment. The
reversal of time will expose all our secrets.

I hope this article will serve as a source of warning as well as encouragement to the believers. They will realize that, The Day of Judgment is a
religious, scientific truth which everyone will have to face; and our deeds in this world will determine our fate in the eternal life.  There is no doubt
however, that the real knowledge of the Day of Judgment is with Allah only. The non-Muslims hopefully, will appreciate that the religion of Islam is
more than just another belief and they will be stimulated to further investigate the world of Islam.